Various Methods of Acne Cyst Treatment

It is really hard to find anyone who did not face the scourge of acne at some stage of his or her life. This tormenting skin disorder often becomes worst when microcomedones rupture and turn into painful cysts. These inflammatory lesions are characterized by hard, semiliquid bumps under the skin surface, which eventually cause profound damage to skin and scarring. This situation requires immediate medical attention to set off an aggressive course of acne cyst treatment regimen. Getting rid of this severe unsightly form of acne needs years of endurance which might stumble over a few failed attempts. Nevertheless do not get disheartened as almost all the cases of severe acne are curable.

A brief discussion of the prescribed treatments and physical procedures that professional medical practitioners usually follow to assuage severe acne conditions is described below:

Injection

Dermatologists often administer intralesional corticosteroid injection as part of the acne cyst treatment regimen. When bumpy pus filled cysts become exceedingly inflamed they tend to get ruptured causing wound to the skin. To avert this situation physicians inject those cysts with less concentrated corticosteroid. Corticosteroid physically interferes with the liquid substance promoting rapid treatment and helping to “dry up” the liquid completely. Thus it prevents severe acne scarring and pitting from the cystic acne.

Surgical Excision

A few cases of acne cysts do not respond to regular medications and need to drain out through surgical procedure. Do not ever try to scrouge your cysts! This might lead to severe scarring and denting of the affected area on your skin. Dermatologists employ the appropriate techniques to carry out the whole operative process.

Oral Retinoid

Oral retinoid isotretinoin is one of the most effective drugs used for the acne cyst treatment for decades. It is a synthetic derivative of vitamin A which is immensely efficient in clearing off cystic acne when other topical treatment procedures fail to make any improvements. Isotretinoin works in three ways:

  1. The first step involves reduction in sebum secretion in hair follicles. It significantly shrinks the sebaceous glands to a smaller size which minimizes the oozing of excess sebum.
  2. Second, being an antibacterial agent it annihilates Propionibacterium acnes bacterial growth inside pores and skin surface. This diminishes the probability of further infection and eventual rupturing of the cyst, which in turn lessens the inflammation inside lesion and heals to “dry up” the cyst.
  3. Third, this acne cyst treatment normalizes the difference in growth rate of the follicular keratinocytes and promotes the follicular cell turn over. This suppresses the exuviations of skin cells and thereby prevents the clogging up of pores.

A dose of 20 to 40 mg per day would be the perfect one to start with. The whole course of treatment should continue for years so that you could successfully blot out cystic acne forever.

However treatment with isotretinoin could show up some serious side effects which should be dealt with in time to avoid any further aggravation of the situation. This medicine is a potent tetrogen. It severely affects pregnant women causing birth defects in unborn babies. For this reason pregnant women should stay away from this medication. Isotretinoin is also known to have psychological effect over patients. Even though it is not supported by any proper research study, it has been found that some patients got suicidal tendencies and feelings of depression after taking this medicine. Never hesitate to consult with your counselor if you have experienced any such side effect after using this acne cyst treatment.

Oral Antibiotics

Oral antibiotics have been regarded as the keystone of the cystic acne treatments for decades. The immense antimicrobial potency of these medicines promotes the complete destruction of the P. acnes bacteria, which in turn helps to mitigate the associated inflammation inside cysts and flatten them out eventually. Mainly four different oral antibiotics are prescribed by physicians to treat obstinate acne cysts. These are doxycline, erythromycin, minocycline, and tetracycline. Diarrhea, dry skin, sore mouth, skin redness, and sunburn are some of the side effects associated with oral antibiotic treatment.

Oral Contraceptives

It is well-known that many strong oral acne medications like oral retinoid are malicious for pregnant women might leave a permanent physical defect in the unborn baby. For women who are looking for some acne cyst treatment which would not only relieve them from this severe pain but simultaneously help to maintain a happy and safe sex life without the risk of getting pregnant, contraceptive pills could be a windfall. Scientists have found that the male hormones androgen which are present in both male and female body stimulate sebaceous glands to secrete excess sebum. Birth control pills help to minimize the androgen level in our blood, curbing excess oil discharge in hair follicles. Thus use of oral contraceptive pills alongside isotretinoin not only enhances the effectiveness of the whole endeavor of acne cyst treatment but also protects women from getting pregnant.

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